Help & Advice

  • General legislation
  • Last updated 30 December 2023

National Minimum Wage (NMW)

The National Minimum Wage (NMW) is a legal requirement that sets a minimum hourly rate of pay for workers. It was introduced to ensure that all workers receive a fair and minimum level of compensation for their work. Here we will provide you with an overview of the UK's National Minimum Wage, including its history, current rates, and its impact on both employees and employers.

History of the National Minimum Wage in the UK

The concept of a national minimum wage in the UK was first introduced in 1999, under the National Minimum Wage Act. Since then, it has undergone several revisions and increases to keep up with the changing economic landscape and to ensure that workers are paid a fair wage for their labour.

Current National Minimum Wage Rates

As of April 2023, the National Minimum Wage rates in the UK were as follows:

23 and over

21 to 22

18 to 20

Under 18


6th April 2023 - 5th April 2024






6th April 2024 onwards






Please note that these rates are subject to change, and it's important to refer to the official UK government website or other reputable sources for the most up-to-date information.

Impact on Employees

The National Minimum Wage has had several positive impacts on employees in the UK:

  1. Increased Income: It has raised the income of many low-paid workers, providing them with a better standard of living.

  2. Reduced Wage Inequality: It has contributed to reducing wage inequality by setting a minimum standard for all workers.

  3. Improved Quality of Life: Workers earning the minimum wage can enjoy a better quality of life with increased financial stability.

Impact on Employers

While the National Minimum Wage primarily benefits employees, it also has some effects on employers:

  1. Increased Labour Costs: Employers must pay their workers at least the minimum wage, which can increase labour costs, particularly for small businesses.

  2. Compliance: Employers need to ensure compliance with minimum wage laws to avoid penalties and legal issues.

  3. Workforce Motivation: Paying a fair wage can lead to a more motivated and productive workforce.

Nannies who are exempt from the National Minimum Wage (prior to April 2024)

Live-in nannies are exempt provided they live as part of the family household, are treated as a member of the family and are not provided with separate accommodation. For employers who provide separate accommodation for their employees there is an allowance per 7-day week, which can be offset against the minimum hourly rate, this allowance is currently £63.70 per 7 day week. Please note that from April 2024 live-in employees are no longer exempted from the National Minimum Wage.

Further Support

In your Members Area you will find a Minimum Wage Check Calculator in the Calculators section. You can use this to check whether you are meeting the current NMW requirements.

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